Yoga for thyroid

Specific yoga therapy and mediyoga programs for thyroid can help patients suffering hyperthyroid, hypothyroid as well as goiter thyroid

Yoga therapy

Yoga therapy is generally the same for all the three types of thyroid disorders. This can happen because yoga is capable of controlling the function of the thyroid glands to maintain a balance between the need and the actual rate of metabolic process. This treatment constitutes of Yogasanas, Pranayama, cleansing processes and contemplation.
Among the Yogasanas, Sarvangasana is the best for metabolic disorders as it creates the necessary pressure on the thyroid glands, supporting secretion as well as production of hormones in optimum quantity. After sufficient practice of Sarvangasana, improved effects may be achieved by performing asanas like Halasana, Halaugrasana, Sun Salutation, Bhujangasana, Dhanurasana, Ardha Matsyendrasana, Pashchimottanasana, Yogamudra, Supta Vajrasana, Sinhasana, Sinha Mudra.
Moreover, pranayama like Ujjaji and bandhas are very useful in improving function of these glands but they must be learnt from an expert and sufficient practice of asanas must be performed before learning them.

The thyroid disease

The thyroid glands in the endocrine systems participate considerably in the functioning of the body. Hence any impairment in the functioning of these glands affects the functioning of the body extensively. The hormones secreted by the thyroid glands control the functioning of the following:
1. They help in increasing the energy levels in the body.
2. They speed up the process of metabolism by increasing the absorption of glucose.
3. Increase in the metabolic rate increases production of urine thus increasing the amount of passage of urine.
4. These hormones support the growth of the body.
5. These hormones are responsible for the increase of amount of milk and fats constituent in the milk after delivery in a female.
6. The rate of expansion and contraction of the heart increases due to this hormone.
7. These hormones help in bringing about the required physical changes in accordance with the mental stresses in our daily life.
These glands function extensively during puberty, and in the state of pregnancy. Furthermore, they function more if the external temperature decreases and vice versa. This helps in maintaining the body temperature in all kinds of environment. It has been found out by research that these glands are responsible for metabolism, anabolism and catabolism
There are three main types of disorders due to the malfunctioning of the thyroid glands.

1. Hyperthyroidism

In this type, the hormone level in the thyroid glands exceeds the normal, thus increasing the rate of metabolism. Consequently, there is an increase in the heart rate, rate of respiration, purges, generation of more heat in the body, more sweating, complaints about menstruation in case of females, swollen eyes, feeling of exhaustion. The person feels like increasing activity but cannot. He becomes short tempered. A temporary measure can be taken by intake of medicines or a permanent measure can be achieved by removing a part of the thyroids through surgery, thus reducing total hormone levels.. However, if later the gland starts functioning normally the operated part cannot be rejoined and hence the hormonal level will stay below normal, leading to other disorders.

2. Hypothyroidism

In this case, the glands secrete a less than normal level of hormones, or hormones are not secreted at all. Thus when the rate of metabolism needs to increase, it cannot. The physical and mental activity thus lowers down. Symptoms like laziness, indigestion, muscular pains, deafness, dryness of the skin, forgetfulness, lack of hunger and still increase in weight are seen. This patient is so depressed physically and mentally that he is not ready even for treatment. The further stages of this disorder are swelling all over the body, thickness in lips, and lack of luster on the skin. These patients are not able to talk properly. If this disorder is not treated appropriately, the heart may even stop functioning.

3. Goiter

The size of the thyroid glands increases beyond normal in this kind of disorder. It is of course neither an infection nor a tumor. This happens if the amount of iodine in the food is too low. This does not increase the secretions of the glands but its enlarged size creates pressure on the other organs thus affecting their functioning. Goiter may be a consequence of side effects of some other medicines too.  The enlarged part of the gland  is removed by surgery, but again it ends the secretion of hormones forever indulging the patient into some other trouble. Medicines constituting of iodine are useful to some extent. But they too may cause adverse effects if used constantly.